What is a microscope made out of?

Important components of a compound microscope!


Science has the tremendous responsibility of explaining life, from the tiniest forms of organisms to larger ones as well. Today, people have the opportunity of beginning a true exploration of life through the eyes of science. How? Well, it is pretty simple: find and use a powerful compound microscope that has the capacity to analyze various specimens, in stunning details and high definition. Besides reading professional and some of the best compound microscopes reviews, you have to understand more about the structure and functionality of such a powerful scientific device. The better you get to know a compound microscope, the better you will obtain quality results. With reliable data, you will be able to emit theories, validate the ones you already have or simply dismiss those pertaining to others.

Compound microscope components:



Eyepiece, Diopter adjustment, body tube (or commonly known as head), arm, coarse adjustment, fine adjustment, nosepiece, objective lenses, specimen, slide, stage, stage clips, stage height adjustment, aperture, on/off switch, illumination, iris diaphragm, condenser and base.


There are the primary and secondary components of a compound microscope, without whom you can’t perform any magnification operation. It is important to know that they are the pillar in any such scientific instrument, and all of them are interlinked, to form a powerful study instrument.

Condenser – is responsible with gathering and focusing light from the illuminator, directly on the specimen studied.

Iris diaphragm – manages to adjust the amount of light which reaches the specimen.

Base – supports the whole device and it represents the location of the illuminator.

Illumination –  this is the primary light source of a microscope. In the past microscopes used to resort to mirrors in order to reflect light from an external source, from the bottom of a stage. Well, those days are gone. Now, microscopes use halogen, ultraviolet and LED illumination, for the specimen to be lighted.

Aperture – this is the hole, present in the middle of the stage which allows light directed from the illuminator to reach the actual studied specimen.

Stage clips – these are the clips that maintain the slide in place.

Stage – this is the flat platform where the slide is carefully placed.

Objective lenses – well, these are basically the most important arts of a compound microscope, because they provide the magnification level. The current microscopes come with lenses that offer power from 4 x to 100x, depending on the model or brand.

Nosepiece – rotating turret which safely houses the objective lenses.

These are brief introductory pieces on the most important parts of a microscope.


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s